Boris Grinkot

Social Media Measurement: Big data is within reach

Should marketers wait for a grand unified theory of social media ROI measurement, or confidently move forward with what they have available to them now?

This question has been at the forefront of my thinking, as we proceed with MarketingSherpa’s joint research project with Radian6 to discover a set of transferable principles, if not a uniform formula to measure social media (SoMe, pronounced “so me!”) marketing effectiveness.

As I have written previously, some of the popular measurement guidelines provide a degree of comfort that comes from having numbers (as opposed to just words and PowerPoint® slides), but fail to connect the marketing activity to bottom-line outcomes.

To help think through this, I spoke with several practitioners to get some feedback “from the trenches” during SoMe Week here in NYC. With their help, I broadly defined two approaches.

Approach 1: Brave the big data

Take large volumes of diverse data, from both digital and traditional media, and look for correlations using “real” big-data analysis. This analysis is performed on a case-by-case basis, and the overarching principles are the well-established general statistical methods, not necessarily specifically designed for marketers.

Pros

  • The methodologies are well established
  • There are already tools to help (Radian 6, Alterian, Vocus, etc)

Cons

  • Most marketers are not also statisticians or have the requisite tools (e.g., SAS is an excellent software, but it comes with a premium price)
  • Comprehensive data must be available across all relevant channels, otherwise the validity of any conclusions from the data rapidly evaporates (Radian6 announcement of integrating third-party data streams like Klout, OpenAmplify and OpenCalais in addition to existing integration with customer relationship management (CRM), Web analytics, and other enterprise systems certainly helps)
  • In the end, it’s still conversation and not conversion without attribution of transactional data

If the volume of data becomes overwhelming, analytical consulting companies can help. NYC-based Converseon does precisely that, and I asked Mark Kovscek, their SVP of enterprise analytics, about the biggest challenges to getting large projects like this completed efficiently. Mark provided several concrete considerations to help marketers think through this, based on Converseon’s objectives-based approach that creates meaningful marketing action, measures performance, and optimizes results:

  • Marketers must start with a clear articulation of measurable and action-oriented business objectives (at multiple levels, e.g., brand, initiative, campaign), which can be quantified using 3-5 KPIs (e.g., Awareness, Intent, Loyalty)
  • Large volumes of data need to be expressed in the form of simple attributes (e.g., metrics, scores, indices), which reflect important dimensions such as delivery and response and can be analyzed through many dimensions such as consumer segments, ad content and time
  • The key to delivering actionable insights out of large volumes of data is to connect and reconcile the data with the metrics, with the KPIs, and with the business

How much data is enough? The answer depends on the level of confidence required.  Mark offered several concrete rules of thumb for “best-case scenario” when dealing with large volumes of data:

  • Assessing the relationship of data over time (e.g., time series analysis) requires two years of data (three preferred) to accurately understand seasonality and trend

-   You can certainly use much less to understand basic correlations and relationships.  Converseon has created value with 3-6 months of data in assessing basic relationships and making actionable (and valuable) decisions

  • Reporting the relationship at a point in time requires 100-300 records within the designated time period (e.g., for monthly listening reporting, Converseon looks for 300 records per month to report on mentions and sentiment)

-   This is reasonably easy when dealing with Facebook data and reporting on Likes or Impressions

-   However, when dealing with data in the open social graph to assess a brand, topic or consumer group, you can literally process and score millions of records (e.g., tweets, blogs, or comments) to identify the analytic sample to match your target customer profile

  • Assessing the relationship at a point in time (e.g., predictive models) requires 500-1000 records within the designated time period

Understanding the theoretical aspects of measurement and analysis, of course, is not enough. A culture of measurement-based decision making must exist in the organization, which means designing operations to support this culture. How long does it take to produce a meaningful insight? Several more ideas from Converseon:

  • 80% of the work is usually found in data preparation (compiling, aggregating, cleaning, and managing)
  • Reports that assess relationships at a single point in time can be developed in 2-3 weeks
  • Most predictive models can be developed in 4-6 weeks
  • Assessing in-market results and improving solution performance is a function of campaign timing

Finally, I wanted to know what marketers can do to make this more feasible and affordable. Mark recommends:

  • Clearly articulate business objectives and KPIs and only measure what matters
  • Prioritize data
  • Rationalize tools (eliminate redundancy, look for the 80% solution)
  • Get buy-in from stakeholders early and often

In my next blog post on this topic, I’ll discuss an approach to SoMe measurement that trades some of the precision and depth for realistic attainability—something that most marketers that can’t afford the expense or the time (both to learn and to do) required to take on “big data.”

Related Resources

Social Media Marketing: Tactics ranked by effectiveness, difficultly and usage

Always Integrate Social Marketing?

Inbound Marketing newsletter – Free Case Studies and How To Articles from MarketingSherpa’s reporters

Social Marketing ROAD Map Handbook

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Research And Measurement, Social Networking Evangelism Community



  1. April 29th, 2011 at 12:20 | #1

    Boris, your underlying message is correct: Considering the business objectives of a social media program is key to its continuing existence. No matter how good we are as communicators, no matter how many people we reach, if there isn’t some kind of tangible business objective or measurement built into the program, over time the social media program will lose its funding.

    The struggle for me is to track the initial touch point all the way through the conversion. I have generated literally thousands of contacts because of my visibility as a presenter. (Lets not confuse ‘leads’ and ‘contacts’, but that’s another discussion.) Moving those contacts through the nurturing funnel and tracking them towards a predictable outcome, a sale, is extremely difficult. The pain is in tracking where a sale comes from when you have a listening audience of 1000s. This doesn’t even take into account the software tracking system and the manpower to run and understand the results.

    I’m looking forward to your “realistically attainable” solution.

    Regards — Mark

  2. Boris Grinkot
    Boris Grinkot
    May 5th, 2011 at 14:42 | #2

    @Mark Miller, @EUSP
    Thank you, Mark! The manpower to gather and analyze data can be a critical issue: in the end, the insights you gain may not be worth the investment into producing them. That’s why the approach above is really for companies that can afford it, both in terms of direct costs and in terms of available data.

    I think you might be in a somewhat better position than the average marketer to get the insights you want. If you speak in front of an audience, especially a digital one, you should be able to get a list of the attendees. Not to spam them, but to enter them into your CRM. Salesforce acquisition of Radian6 exemplifies how social media monitoring is now seen as a key feed into the CRM (hence, “social” CRM).

    But even without a monitoring tool, you can continuously track subsequent touch points (that is, without listening to what else those folks might be saying). That should allow you to build a pretty standard nurturing funnel. Of course when you are talking about thousands of contacts, you probably do want some automation involved. Cross-checking lists of attendees and other touch points should be a good start.

    Hope this helps!

  1. April 29th, 2011 at 03:03 | #1
  2. April 29th, 2011 at 07:54 | #2
  3. January 11th, 2013 at 10:02 | #3